General information about LPG

Characteristics of LPG

   Hazardous and extremely flammable.   
  - Colorless, odorless, non toxic, therefore additives, usually ethyl mercaptan, are added to create odorants which helps know when there is gas leakage.
  - Exposure to high concentration can lead to headache, dizziness, nausea...
   Vapor at normal temperature. High compression is applied to change gaseous status into liquid. Storable and transportable  
  Expansion of some 250 times when converted from liquid to gaseous status, liquid leakage must be strictly controlled. Cylinders must be uppermost  
  Heavier than air at gaseous status and lighter than water at as liquid. Always placing cyliners far away from drainages, holes...  
  - Expansion of 15 times higher than water as temperature up. Therefore, filling at max 85% and keeping cylinders away from heat.
  - Combustible mixture is formed only if the gas/air ratio is 1.8% to 9.3% concentration


Potential risks to result in fires & explosions

Three factors are required in proper combination before fire and explosive combustion can take place: fuel-gas, ignition
 and oxygen
   1. Fuel-gas to burn.
   2. Air to supply oxygen.
   3. Ignition source to start and continue the combustion process.
In which 02 factors (fuels and Ignition sources are controllable)